Computer science studies information processing and its applications; more precisely, the i. deals with the representation, organization, and automatic processing of information. The term i. derives from fr. Informatique (composed of Information and automatIQUE, “automatic information”) and was coined by P. Dreyfus in 1962. So in this article, we will give you a complete guide about seminar topic for computer science.
There. It is independent of the computer, which is only a tool. But it is clear that the development of the I. It was and still is closely linked to the evolution of the seminar topic for computer science; it is precisely for this close link between the. And a computer that the I., despite having ancient historical roots, developed as an autonomous discipline only starting from the 1960s, driven by the progress of processing systems and the formalization of the concept of the calculation procedure. We can date back to 1936 when AM Turing presented a computational model known as the Turing machine.
Seminar Topic For Computer Science
It is characterized by three fundamental aspects: the entry, the algorithms, and the exit. The study of input includes data structures, detection techniques, classification and fusion of data and information, representation techniques, construction and management of large amounts of data or information, programming languages ( ➔ language ).
The study of information processing, i.e. algorithms, includes aspects such as the formalization of the objectives (i.e. the purposes of the processing, possibly based on the different applications), the formalization of the processing tools (the so-called primitives, i.e. elementary instructions that can be used and executed by elaborations), the procedures for formulating and solving problems (i.e. the achievement of objectives based on the primitives and the available resources). So, the computation models, the automata ( ➔ automaton) infinite states, the correctness of the processing, the management of memory (i.e. the subset of information present at the input and use for processing), computational complexity, parallelism, programming languages, representation transformations, processing architectures, the implementation of procedures in the various programming and processing environments. The output study includes aspects such as the formalization of objectives and application, user interfaces, graphics, programming languages, applications.
Seminar topic for computer science: Training, production, and management
As for the knowledge necessary to interact with the virtual environment (for example, to search for detailed information on the network or exchange e-mail messages), a recurring aspect is that the knowledge in question is only partially learned in the training structures. To a considerable extent/ “> measure they are learned in the field, using the programs available locally or on the net for work or leisure purposes, surfing the net, guided by the instructions gradually provided to the user.
The simple interaction with the system is only a start; to exploit its great potential, it is necessary to have some basic knowledge. That allows you to build the procedures to meet specific needs. To process the information available on the network or locally produced, to view helpful information most appropriately. Finally, modeling and algorithmic training are necessary to develop a conceptual model of what you want to achieve and the related procedures to be implemented.
In the field of automation, production, and management of complex systems and technologies. The functional and system aspects become increasingly linked to the information, and IT flows. That accompanies the transformation of materials and the organizational structures developed to manage these flows. Concepts such as teleoperation (an operation carried out automatically based on small orders and managed by a processing network) become common assets; separation (network formed by factories without men and factories without machines, suitably integrated through a network.
Seminar topic for computer science: The information system
An information system is a system that effectively and efficiently organizes and manages the information necessary for the user. It also collects and updates data and information relating to a given application with predetermined methods. And through appropriate acquisition devices. Their storage is persistent and available to the user, and their distribution from and to the user. Towards the various parts of the system, to their elaboration to place them in a format suitable. For the different needs of the system and the users. To their presentation in a format that operators and users can use.
The first information systems, born in most cases to manage the administration of companies and entities of different types, were simple data archives organized in tabular form. Human operators carried out Whose updating and management. The development of information systems followed the development of processing systems. And the ability to design and manage large amounts of data and information.
The trend is towards automation and integrating the different functions in a heterogeneous environment open to connections with the outside world. The first commercial computer (Univac I) was delivered in 1951 to the US Bureau of Census to manage census information. Simultaneously, the first computer for private industry was installed in 1954 at a General Electric plant. For the management of the production of household appliances. The development of information systems followed the development of processing systems. And the ability to design and manage large amounts of data and information.
Seminar topic for computer science: Trendy
The trend is towards automation and integrating the different functions in a heterogeneous environment open to connections with the outside world. With the development of networks (geographic and local) and databases (concentrated and distributed), information systems become increasingly complex and integrated objects with the organizational structure of the companies and entities they help manage. So in the field of industrial design and production, the opportunities offered by sophisticated. IT systems have led to profound changes in the way of operating.
To which it provides appropriately organized information and from which it receives decisions; the decision-maker (designer, production manager, or simple operator) makes his choices based on an informative image of reality and implements them through appropriate information flows, requesting an increasingly rapid, complete and reliable response from the information system in both directions.
In commerce and services, the introduction of increasingly powerful information systems has changed and conditions many aspects of our life and has spread to the most diverse application areas. Due to the increasing integration between the organizational system, understood as the set of resources and procedures. That allows the functioning of any social structure to achieve its objectives and the information system. So, the boundaries between planning tend to be less and less clear. System management and maintenance. An information system is increasingly an object that evolves together with its environment and is less and less separable from it.
It is designated by the expression i. juridical, the discipline that studies the juridical aspects of the technological, economic, and social revolution produced by the automatic processing of information. It makes use above all of the electronic computers and microfilming. To preserve a copious number of information, or rather, of legal data (legislation, jurisprudence, and doctrine). The i. documentary lawsuit concerns the conservation of documents of considerable importance and of which legal knowledge must be guaranteed (civil status registers, real estate registers, business register, etc.)
It was developed with state-of-the-art systems in the United States and incredible growth also in the European Union. It is the automation of public offices and, especially, of administrative ( i. Administrative management ), financial ( i. Tax ), parliamentary (i. i. parliamentary ), or judicial ( i. judicial). Through the preparation of a research system based on a specially developed language. It also gave birth to the so-called right of I. Consisting of all the provisions aimed at regulating the effects of the i. juridical in the various fields of law.
On the impulse of a recommendation of the Council of Europe (of 13 September 1989), l. 547/1993 introduced a series of crimes into the Italian Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code characterized by the use. As object or means of the crime, of an IT or telematics system. However, these include the dissemination of programs aimed at damaging or interrupting a computer system (Article 615 inquires of the Italian Criminal Code). So, the violation of correspondence and computer and telematic communications (Article 616, 617 quarter, 617 inquires, 617 sexiest); damage to IT or telematic systems (Article 635 bis of the Italian Criminal Code); computer fraud (640 ter ).
Seminar topic for computer science: Humanities
Technological tools and methods of investigation
In the experience of applying the i. to the humanities, he demonstrated how the techniques and methods used in one field of study tend to have repercussions in others. That is more or less contiguous or to inspire new ones based on an interdisciplinary vision. Along with these essential fields for all humanistic research (management of archival documents, automation of libraries, and bibliographic resources).
The introduction of automatic processing machines in the humanities dates back to the late 1940s. So the processing of linguistic data for the cryptographic composition of messages and the translation assisted by the first rudimentary computers.
At the end of the 1940s, with the help of electronic accounting machines operating on punched cards, R. Busa conducted the first experiments by treating the 3rd canto of Dante’s Inferno. And liturgical hymns of Thomas Aquinas, to begin the enterprise of counting the entire work of Aquinas ( Indexthomisticus ). Between 1945 and 1950, JL von Neumann and HH Goldstine planned. Following the research on recursion and the ideal machine conducted by Turing, von Neumann had developed the conviction. But also as an automaton capable of influencing investigation methods and research activities in every sector of science. So, including the human and social sciences.
In 1955, on the proposal of O. Thanks to the new calculation tools, the use of quantitative and statistical methods began to spread in various sectors of the humanities (history, archaeology, and linguistics), borrowing techniques and application methods from related disciplines (sociology, psychology, economics). However, in the field of historiography, from the second half of the 1950s. So, the development of a quantitative orientation led Annales and the social history of E. Labrousse to new methodological approaches. In the United States, clinometry / “target =” _ self “>cliometry was born; the adoption of mathematical-statistical methods, against idealist cultural historicism, also characterized the cultural movements of new and social archaeology.
Alongside the evolution of computer systems for managing databases. The spread of the Internet has contributed to intensifying the exchange of information online in the academic and research environment; computer networks and distributed systems allow individual workstations to share the resources of what has been termed the global library.
Seminar topic for computer science: Archaeological
The application of mathematical, statistical methods and advanced technologies open new perspectives in the archaeological field. Regarding the organization, classification, and consultation of the material found, the use of graphics, integrated with alphanumeric information, has given rise to new types of management through databases and computerized cartography. So the contribution of advanced technologies is fundamental: remote sensing.
Through sensors placed on terrestrial, air, and space platforms, sensors also allow the localization of archaeological remains; GIS ( Geographic Information System). Which integrated by a computerized archive of data on the characteristics of the geographical context. Allow increasingly precise localization of the archaeological presence on a territory. However, the uses of the seminar topic for computer science. Allows the processing of three-dimensional images and their animation, through simulations aimed at verifying hypotheses.
The use of the computer is connected to that of the Internet. Which plays an increasingly important role in the dissemination of information. Among the databases, library catalogs are of particular importance as they allow accurate bibliographic searches. In addition to reproducing real museums, virtual museums are also the setting up of new museums: works from different museums. But relating to the same site, to the same theme, to the same era can be connected online.
Music has become one of the sources of information treated by the I., like numbers, texts, graphics, and vision. This has favored developing essential applications in the musical field and has led computer systems to become a musical ‘instrument’ of reference. Understood in a much broader sense than the current meaning. As capable of processing all musical information, from the micro-level (the sound) to the macro-level (the form). Because this has resulted in a substantial transformation of the methods of making music, with the involvement of all sectors, from creation to musical production, favoring the birth of new professional figures. A computer system complete with appropriate programs and peripherals performs many musical functions.
It is a polyphonic and polyimbral musical instrument; simulates the sounds of acoustic instruments or becomes the means to compose new electronic sounds; performs the functions of an audio recording studio for editing, processing, editing of sound and music, the printing of audio CDs. The composer has many additional tools that assist him in the different phases of the creative process and creating the work. Furthermore, with the evolution of multimedia information systems, many of these functions can be closely related to the world of graphics, video, entertainment, virtual reality, and telecommunications to obtain multimedia artistic and cultural products.
The other ( computer music ), more attentive to the acoustic and perceptive aspect of music, dealt with the numerical coding of sounds, the design of converters to provide the computer with an audio interface with the outside and, therefore, the techniques of analysis, synthesis, and processing of sounds.