The globe is full of endangered species animals, a lot of which may be located in India. In India, some different animals may quickly grow into seriously endangered species. The number of depletion because of desertification. And the disaster of habitat loss due to land degradation and deforestation are shocking. This is what the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species indicates. So before talking about the endangered species in India, we need to know about endangered species first.
Endangered species (EN) are marked as highly likely to be extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The subject involves threatened and endangered Indian flora and fauna species.
According to the IUCN Red List. There are 16,306 species, of which one-quarter of mammals, one-eighth of birds, one-third of all amphibians. And are globally assessed 70% of the species the flora on the 2007 IUCN Red List is endangered.
The following are the criteria based on which species are declared endangered:
Within ten years, the population has decreased by 50-70%. The general geographic area is much smaller than 5,000 square kilometers or nearby population areas, far less than 500 square kilometers. The size of the population is much less than 2500 adults. According to statistical predictions. So, it will become extinct in the next 20 years.
Although we hope to make more efforts to protect these species. Here are some endangered species in India, and you can find them in extraordinary areas of India. It is becoming one of India’s endangered species. Because it identifies and classifies species consistent with its over-extinction risk. So, there are many endangered species in India. I’ll talk about some of the endangered species here.
Some critically endangered species in India:
According to the IUCN Red List, 16,306 species are endangered. Such as animals and plants. Animals such as red pandas, black stags. And single-horned rhinos are almost extinct. So, here is the list of some of the most endangered species in India:
The Ganges Shark
The Ganges Shark is listed as one of the endangered species in India. Among the six species of river sharks observed throughout the globe. Usually, you can find it in the lower Ganges, Mahanadi, and Bramptra, especially Holy in West Bengal. Unfortunately, there is a heavy loss of the residential places of the endangered species because a lot of construction work is taking place& this is one of the essential culprits, and overfishing also contributes a lot.
Even if the jaws and fins have moved the enterprise chain ahead of time, nearby’s fish are still catching its meat and oil, which is an excessive appeal to the global exchange of goods. However, these figures are rapidly declining.
Endangered Species in India: Great Indian Bustard
The Great Indian Bus bird is the most endangered. Among the most effective birds found in India and nearby areas. The Great Indian Bustard bird is one of the enormous flying birds, weighing 15 kg and about 1 m above the ground.
Rajasthan is the largest habitat for terrestrial birds in the bushes, tall grasses, semi-arid grasslands, and semi-wild lands. Due to massive hunting and loss of habitat, this bird is disappearing in various parts of India. It is the national bird of Rajasthan. There is an animal and plant sanctuary in Solapur, Maharashtra, called the Great India Bus Bird Sanctuary.
Red Panda’s an arboreal mammal of the Japanese Himalayas, also known as a lesser panda or red cat bear. Because there have been fewer residual places, fragments of the food chain and poaching, and the decline of close relatives, the population of red pandas is decreasing. And Namdapha National Parks in West Bengal.
Endangered Species in India: Gharial
Crocodiles often emphasize it, and Chinese alligators believe that Gharial is a companion species. The Gharial have long, slender noses with 106-110 needle-shaped teeth and spherical nostrils. They especially like to eat fish. So, their unique nose helps them to smash in the waters of the Shambala River.
These figures are now beginning to show growth after experiencing a series of continuous declines. As mentioned in the “Red List,” the contemporary population is 300-900 Head of the nation Chambal Sanctuary, going to countries located on the border of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Because the road from Delhi to the sanctuary is in excellent condition.
Forest Owlet is endemic to the woods of central India. Thus, the tiny forest Owlet becomes taken into consideration extinct. However, later rediscovered, and a small population made the species seriously endangered in India.
It can be good places to identify this small jungle owl, such as Merghart Tiger Reserve, the Tarot Forest Range, and the forested areas of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
In India and Bangladesh, the Bengal Tiger is the countrywide animal of both. With stripes starting from darkish brown to black, the tiger’s coat is yellow to light orange. However, because of poaching and human-tiger conflict, the number of tigers has decreased dramatically withinside the beyond few years.
It can be found at Ranthambore National Park, Tadoba National Park, Sundarbans National Park, Jim Corbett National Park, Sariska Tiger Reserve, and Bandhavgarh National Park.
The northern part of the Ganges Plain, from Himachal Pradesh to West Bengal. The entire habitat of the expected population of 1000-2499 slender-billed vultures includes a list of endangered species in India. The reason for their decline comes from the carcass of animals fed with diclofenac. Diclofenac is an ideal medicine ideal for animals. However, poison for those birds.
Endangered Species in India: Asiatic Lion
The Asian lion, also known as the Indian lion or the Persian lion, is an endangered lion’s subspecies. The difference between it and the African lion is that its auditory bullae are less swollen, its tail hair bundles are more extensive, and its mane is much less.
Red Headed Vulture
The red-headed vulture is one of the Old World vulture species found in the Indian Subcontinent. Which is known as the Indian black Vulture or the King Vulture. The population of this species has declined significantly in recent years due to the use of diclofenac in veterinary therapy.
Such as the Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture. And white-rumped vulture. Who is belonging to the category of severely endangered birds?
Endangered Species in India: Snow Leopard
In Central Asia and South Asia, Snow leopards are large cats native to the mountains. The snow leopard’s fur is long and thick, the base color ranges from smoky gray to tan to tan, and the lower part is whitish.
It can be found at Hemis National Park, Ladakh, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary. Arunachal Pradesh, Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand, Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. Lahaul Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, Great Himalayan National Park, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, Pin Valley National Park, Lahaul Spiti, and Himachal Pradesh.
Over the years, the Pygmy Hog has been declining from an endangered species (1986) to a critically endangered species in India. The current living range is between 200-500, especially in Assam (Assam).
One Horned Rhinoceros
The One-horned rhino found in Assam is a large mammal. Excessive hunting reduces the diversity of this species. These rhinos noticed their horns after they were killed. And their value was too high.
They can be found at Kaziranga National Park, Darby Tiger Reserve. And Pobitola Wildlife Sanctuary.
Bengal Florican is an uncommon species among family bustards, which originated only in the Indian Subcontinent. So, Bengal Florican has listed another most threatened species. It has almost become extinct in different parts of the world. Within the Indian Subcontinent, the youngest Bengal Florican affected is less than 1,000. So, it is the rarest bustard in the world. And marked as endangered species.
Indian Bison (Gaur)
Indian Bison is located in South Asia and Southeast Asia, which are the most surviving cattle. To supply international markets, Bison are greatly threatened by alternatives to poachers.
Malabar Large Spotted Civet
Like Hangul (Kashmiri red deer), the Malabar spotted civet is one of the endangered animals in India. Since 1987, those elusive mammals were native to the Western Ghats, especially in Karnataka and Kerala, and have never been found in the wild. And all over the Malabar Coast. Much less than 250 in total.
Lion Tailed Macaque
Lion-tailed macaques are monkeys of the Old World and are endemic to the Western Ghats in South India. Its silver-white mane extends from the cheeks to the chin, all the way around the top that’s an outstanding feature.
It can be found in Kerala (Silent Valley National Park), Kerala (Sipan Valley), Papanasam (Kalakkad), Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve. Karnataka Northwest High Found in the rainforests of Tamil Nadu, and Sirsi-Honnavara in the mountains of Tamil Nadu.
Spoon Billed Sandpiper
The Spoon Billed Sandpiper is the most threatened bird globally, and it is also one of the most endangered species in India. Tiny population, loss of habitat, and breeding grounds make the endangered spoon-billed sand bird chicks endangered. So, the central area of India is the Sundervan Delta and neighboring countries.
Especially in the Dachigam Sanctuary reserve in Jammu and Kashmir. And sometimes even in the fringe areas of Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Destroyed habitats, overgrazing of livestock, and poaching have reduced the number of species native to India to 150 and have been included in India’s list of endangered species. Yes, you know that the rest is one hundred and fifty.
The Nilgiri Tahr
Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiri Tahr) is an ungulate species unique to Nilgiri Hills. Nilgiri tahr’s goats are stocky goats with short, coarse fur and a stiff mane.
It can be found at Eravikulam National Park, Anaimalai Hills, Nilgiri Hills, Periyar National Park, Palni Hills.
How many endangered species are there in India?
It includes 132 species of Indian flora and fauna. According to the IUCN Red List, with the help of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, India also has 48 severely endangered plant species (as of September 5, 2019).
Why are species endangered in India?
They are endangered species whose motives are unintentional killing, poaching of their oil and meat. The entanglement of fishing gear, river pollution, constructing dams and barrages, and so on.
How to protect endangered species in India?
If we want to protect endangered species in India, we need to follow some of these steps. But, first, you must donate your time. Volunteering may be one of the most critical ways to transform the reputation of endangered species.
Then it would help if you did homework. Then, you have to study more about the natural world and more about modern issues of endangered species in exclusive areas. After that, you will have to purchase responsibly. So, you have to be responsible for the environment. Lastly, you need to donate money.
Why do we need to protect endangered animals?
Animals and plants can keep the environment healthy. Moreover, although the species is on the verge of extinction, this is a sign of environmental instability. However, the internal stability of the environment is difficult to maintain: when you lose one species regularly, it will trigger the loss of another species.